This unit covered many styles from the Baroque period to
the colonial North America and the 19th century. Many kinds of architectural ideas revived from the past style.
The Baroque style used a new rhetorical, theatrical, sculptural fashion, expressing the triumph of absolutist church and state through architectural way. New architectural concerns for color, light and shade, sculptural values and intensity characterize the Baroque. But whereas the Renaissance drew on the wealth and power of the Italian courts, and was a blend of secular and religious forces, the Baroque was, initially at least, directly linked to the Counter-Reformation, a movement within the Catholic Church to reform itself in response to the Protestant Reformation. This architecture evolved out of Renaissance architecture in Italy in
Baroque Architecture started in the early 17th century in Italy, took the humanist the 1600’s when the architects there began to get bored of the same symmetry and forms that they had been using for the past 200 years. When this happened, they began to make curving facades and used the double curve on many different buildings.
The Baroque played into the demand for an architecture that was on the one hand more accessible to the emotions and, on the other hand, a visible statement of the wealth and power of the Church. The new style manifested itself in particular in the context of new religious orders.
Features of Baroque Architecture
*Large-scale ceiling frescoes
*Dramatic or uniform use of light
*Dramatic central projection on the external façade
*Opulent use of ornaments, such as plaster or stucco, marble or faux finishing
*Use of the interiors as a shell for painting and sculpture (especially during the late Baroque)
*Use of columns, domes, towers and oval windows
The Colonial Era of American Architecture existed from 1607 to 1830. During these years American architecture was influenced by the European settlers and the archetectural styles that they brought with them. These early architecteral styles varied throughout the regions of America as the settlers moved throughout the nation, but they had two things in common, they were all pretty plain or uncomplicated and were influenced greatly by the nationalities of the settlers.
English Colonial, including the Cape Cod and the New England Saltbox, is a style of architecture brought to America in the seventeenth century by settlers who came from England. This era of architecture is the result of this move by the settlers and resembles late medieval architecture found in rural England at this time.
Dutch Colonial, found primarily in the Hudson River Valley and New York City, is a style of architecture brought to America by the Dutch settlers. This architecture closely resembles the architecture of their homeland and includes batten doors, paired chimneys and gambrel roofs that are steeply pitched.
French Colonial, some which are still evident along the Mississippi basin and throughout southern Louisiana. Characteristics of French Colonial architecture are paired shutters, side gabled or hipped roofs, narrow windows and doors that are tall.
Spanish Colonial, which is still very evident in the American Southwest, is characterized by low-roofs with red tile and adobe walls along with few windows but many external doors
This era in American Architecture saw several styles emerge. These are English Colonial, Dutch Colonial, French Colonial, Spanish Colonial and Georgian. Each of these styles were influenced by the settlers and where they came from.
Georgian Colonial homes usually have these features:
•Square, symmetrical shape
•Paneled front door at center
•Decorative crown over front door
•Flattened columns on each side of door
•Five windows across front
•Medium pitched roof
•Minimal roof overhang
when the object get refledcted, the image is shows what you see or expect.
Even the object is twisted or rounded, the reflected object shows exaclty what we see like a mirror.
The architecture reflects how people lived, all different kind of style reflect what people thought, what they want at that time.